为什么python是一个非常不好的语言

cai posted @ 2012年12月15日 15:23 in 思维碎片 with tags python 糟糕 垃圾 高级语言 , 7047 阅读

一直以来我都表达 python 是个糟糕语言的观点,但是没有深入的解释。

计算机一直都是“工具”,意味着我们是拿它干活的,也就是所谓的提高生产力。

 

指挥计算机干活的重要工具就是编程语言。计算机并不是训练来干活的,是编程来干活的。编程语言的效率有2个指标:编写干活指南的效率和机器人执行的效率。

 

在人力成本低于硬件的时候,人追捧的是执行效率。

人力成本越来越高的时候,人开始追求编程的效率。

人自然是希望一个语言能两头兼顾。可惜的是 python非但没有带来执行效率(这是python不追求的,所以姑且不算缺点),连它拼命牺牲执行效率希望换来的开发效率事实上也一点没有。

 

执行效率:首先,执行效率和语言本身高级不高级是没有任何关系的。执行效率的高低只关系到冗余操作的多寡。这也是“优化”的基础,去除冗余操作。

冗余操作的多寡通常有3个因素影响到:1 编译器的效率  2 程序员的水平 3 语言本身的累赘

但是衡量一个语言本身效率的,事实上应该是最后一个 "语言本身的累赘",这个才是编译器永远无法改进的,程序员水平再高也无能为力的。

不幸的是,python是一个本身的累赘非常多的语言。而累赘最少的语言,应该算是C++语言了。所有C++用到的功能,没有一个是可以在别的语言用更低的代价实现的。当然,有的语言压根就没有C++提供的功能,必须自己模拟。模拟的代价和C++提供的是一样的,水平不够的人来模拟只能获得更烂的结果。

当然 ,python是个高级语言,语法糖多点,性能烂就接受一下吧!毕竟开发效率高呢(?)

接下来我们说编程的效率。编程效率主要是受5个因素影响:语法是否自然,语义是否凝炼,文档或者或教程多不多,库是不是丰富,开发环境好不好。不用说python的文档还是很多的,但是显然没有c++多。各种粗制滥造的c++教程铺天盖地,算了,这是c++的坏处。误人子弟的教程太多。库当然是C++最丰富了。python还面临着 python3 和 python2 的分裂。

 

开发环境和库一直是C++的优势。不用说 Visual C++这种重量级公司出的IDE ,还有 kdevelop , eclipse CDT 这些免费开源的IDE。自动完成和代码提示让你写代码的时候非常轻松。相比之下 , python 就没有好的IDE了。

当然,接下来是程序员最关心的,语法是否自然,语义是否凝炼。python 的语义自然是很多的,一条语句能相当于写几千行 C 代码。这也是人常说的,语法糖多。可惜的是,C++一样有高级语法糖,而且代价很低!比python低太多了。在这一点上,python没有优势,只有劣质。python的语法糖是以牺牲性能换来的,而C++在不损失性能的同时提供了语法糖。

 

至于语法自然不,仁者见仁智者见智了。对于大多数C学过来的人来说, 自然是C++的语法简单。当然,前提是不使用模板这种高级货。真的用模板的话,模板是属于用起来简单,写起来难的语法糖。我们自然可以选择把困难留给 boost,快乐留给自己。所以这点上 C++没有输。何况python还不支持模板。

 

那么开发效率到底是 C++高还是 python呢?

差不多!

那执行效率呢? 

C++和python不是一个档次的,没法比。

 

好了,单从这点已经 python 完败。不过我想说的还不是这个。

 

如果真的有语言像python那样慢,我觉得对得起它的性能的,就必须拿出像样的功能,这个功能包括

 

语言级的并行能力,语言级的多进程能力 (等等,这不就是shell么!),语言级的SIMD能力(语言级的矩阵运算支持)

语言级的复杂数学公式计算能力  ,内置的标准各种算法(STL笑而不语,不过我要的还不止STL),描述性语义(而非指令性语义)

 

我要求的这些,是高级语言需要具备的,而 python 统统没有,连 shell 都能占上一些!

 

 

 

 

Avatar_small
依云 说:
2012年12月15日 16:13

C++ 难学(难入门也难精通。Python 入门简单)
shell 更难学(精通对一般人几乎不可能)
:-)

哦对了,C++ 还和 Haskell 一样难以编译通过,编译器错误里长长的类型声明占了绝大部分。clang++ 的高亮做得挺好,可惜 C++11 的 GNU 变种的支持有 bug 不知道修正没有。要 C++11 是为了 auto 关键字,GNU 变种忘记了是什么原因。

哦对了,Python 不支持模板是因为它不需要支持模板。当然,动态的同时也带来的性能损失。

Avatar_small
Garfileo 说:
2012年12月17日 17:20

呃?

想当年你个也是差不多这样黑过 c++

也许再过两年,你个又觉得 python 粉好勒

doyle 说:
2012年12月20日 12:13

c++开发效率和python差不多……这是我今天看到的最好的笑话。谢谢让我开心一整天。

Avatar_small
rca 说:
2013年1月29日 09:38

债这里萌萌系黑过它的嘛,还系跟着 linus 屁股后面黑

http://microcai.is-programmer.com/posts/35907.html

风之小祈 说:
2016年1月09日 19:13

何况python还不支持模板

我来类比一下

何况汽车还不支持吃草

请让我笑一会儿...

daftar situs agen sb 说:
2019年3月27日 03:22

Kabar menggembirakan datang kepada para bettor bola lovers, karena telah hadir situs sbobet online terpercaya di Indonesia yakni daftarbolasport.

Agen Bola Terpercaya 说:
2019年3月30日 18:18

Bettingligafox is agen bola online terpercaya giving you the opportunity to join in and enjoy all the facilities that have been provided. In the participation of members to daftar bola online terpercaya in it, so that the services we have become trust in members. The official situs bola online resmi Indonesia is not only limited to being used, but how when members play will get satisfaction and comfort.

bandar bola online t 说:
2019年4月01日 20:42

<a href="http://ligafoxbola.com">bandar bola online resmi</a>

bandar bola online t 说:
2019年4月01日 20:43

[url=http://ligafoxbola.com]bandar bola online[/url]

situs agen judi bola 说:
2019年4月06日 20:13

Thanks for sharing this useful information here

situs judi bola 说:
2019年4月08日 18:32

Kami hadir sebagai situs agen bola resmi indonesia, dengan pelayanan istimewa buat anda dalam cara melakukan pendaftaran serta bertaruh dalam permainan judi bola. Kami terus meningkatkan kualitas dan mengutamakan pelayanan terbaik buat seluruh member baru dan lama. Mungkin dengan begitu kami bisa menjadi terbaik dan lebih baik lagi dari sebelumnya.

aurelliahandoko 说:
2022年2月06日 20:02

See the latest news that will surprise you.

https://magic.ly/arwanaTOTO
https://magic.ly/JEEPtoto
https://magic.ly/doyanTOTO
https://magic.ly/TStoto
https://magic.ly/arta4d
https://magic.ly/Zara4D
https://magic.ly/ROMA4D
https://magic.ly/NEON4D
https://linkme.bio/roma4d/
https://pipeho.me/jeeptoto
https://link.wizard.id/jeeptoto

Very useful article thank you!

seo service UK 说:
2023年10月21日 19:15

Thanks for posting this info. I just want to let you know that I just check out your site and I find it very interesting and informative. I can't wait to read lots of your post

스테이도메인 说:
2023年10月23日 14:27

"Such an amazing and helpful post this is. I really really love it. It’s so good and so awesome. I am just amazed. I hope that you continue

온라인카지노추천 说:
2023年10月23日 14:59

Hi, і read your blog occasіonally and i own a similar oone and i was just curious if you get a lot off spam remarks? If so һow do you protect agɑinst it, any plugin or anything you can suggest? I gеt so much latrly it’s dгiving me insane so any suρport is very much appreciated. Simply desire to say your article is as amazing. The clarity on your post is just excellent and that i can think you’re knowledgeable in this subject. Fine together with your permission allow me to grasp your RSS feed to keep updated with impending post. Thanks one million and please continue the rewarding work.

벳365 도메인 说:
2023年10月23日 15:34

It’s fantastic. This is one of the top websites with a lot of useful information. This is an excellent piece, and I appreciate this website; keep up the fantastic work. Quite informative blog on how to bring an end to the issues. I like your creative blog and look forward to more insightful posts. I definitely enjoying every little bit of it. It is a great website and nice share. I want to thank you. Good job! You guys do a great blog, and have some great contents. Keep up the good work. Very good message. I stumbled across your blog and wanted to say that I really enjoyed reading your articles. Anyway, I will subscribe to your feed and hope you post again soon

벳365우회주소 说:
2023年10月23日 15:58

This article is an appealing wealth of useful informative that is interesting and well-written. I commend your hard work on this and thank you for this information. I know it very well that if anyone visits your blog, then he/she will surely revisit it again. I loved this assignment article and kept updating interesting articles. I will be a regular reader. I am offering help to students over the globe at a low price. I delight in, cause I found just what I was looking for. You have ended my four day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day.

키노사다리작업 说:
2023年10月23日 16:05

Hey there! I simply wish to give you a huge thumbs up for the great information you’ve got right here on this post. I am coming back to your website for more soon. I enjoy reviewing a blog post that will make individuals think. I genuinely assume this website needs far more factor to consider. I’ll intend be back once more to find out more as well as thanks once again for the info. Thank you for sharing such a great bog it is very helpful.

키노사다리작업 说:
2023年10月23日 16:06

Hey there! I simply wish to give you a huge thumbs up for the great information you’ve got right here on this post. I am coming back to your website for more soon. I enjoy reviewing a blog post that will make individuals think. I genuinely assume this website needs far more factor to consider. I’ll intend be back once more to find out more as well as thanks once again for the info. Thank you for sharing such a great bog it is very helpful.

먹튀검증 说:
2023年10月23日 16:17

I havent any word to appreciate this post.....Really i am impressed from this post....the person who create this post it was a great human..thanks for shared this with us. I don t have the time at the moment to fully read your site but I ha

안전놀이터순위 说:
2023年10月23日 16:40

Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and all. However just imagine if you added some great visuals or videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with pics and clips, this blog could certainly be one of the most beneficial in its niche. Superb blog! Hey! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform. I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

먹튀검증백과 说:
2023年10月23日 16:42

I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your site. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Outstanding work! Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Thank you for your provided information. An interesting discussion is value comment. I feel that it’s best to write extra on this subject, it won’t be a taboo subject but usually people are not enough to talk on such topics. To the next. Cheers

안전놀이터추천 说:
2023年10月23日 17:05

Hi there! This is my first reply here so I simply wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading through your blog posts. Can you recommend other websites that deal with Ethereum to BTC? I am also very curious about that thing! Thanks! there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to look it over. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Outstanding blog and great design and style. Very interesting details you have remarked, regards for putting up.

그래프게임특징 说:
2023年10月23日 17:20

"Such an amazing and helpful post this is. I really really love it. It’s so good and so awesome. I am just amazed. I hope that you continue to do your work like this in the future also. Very useful information shared in this article, nicely written! I will be reading your articles and using the informative tips. Looking forward to read such knowledgeable articles

I feel a lot more people need to read this, very good info . I am going to bookmark this site. Really Loved the content"

파워에이스 说:
2023年10月23日 17:25

My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find most of your post’s to be just what I’m looking for. Do you offer guest writers to write content in your case? I wouldn’t mind composing a post or elaborating on a lot of the subjects you write concerning here. Again, awesome web log! Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

토토사이트 说:
2023年10月23日 17:38

Hi, Neat post. There’s a problem with your web site in internet explorer, would test this… IE still is the market leader and a good portion of people will miss your great writing due to this problem. Spot on with this write-up, I actually assume this website needs far more consideration. I’ll probably be again to read rather more, thanks for that info. When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get several e-mails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that service? Bless you!

메이저사이트검증 说:
2023年10月23日 17:41

"Thank you so much for the post you do. I like your post and all you share with us is up to date and quite informative, i would like to bookmark the page so i can come here again to read you, as you have done a wonderful job. I am very happy to read your blog, you write really well, I pray to Go

토토사이트 说:
2023年10月23日 17:46

Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I’ve truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon! Thanks for your own hard work on this web page. My mother really likes engaging in research and it is easy to understand why. Many of us learn all regarding the powerful form you deliver both useful and interesting things by means of the web site and even inspire participation from other people about this concern and my princess is discovering a whole lot. Have fun with the rest of the year. You have been performing a good job.

메이저사이트 说:
2023年10月23日 18:22

After reading your article I was amazed. I know that you explain it very well. And I hope that other readers will also experience how I feel after reading your article. Very useful information shared in this article, nicely written! I will be reading your articles and using the informative tips. Looking forward to read such knowledgeable articles . Just saying thanks will not just be sufficient, for the fantasti c lucidity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates.

먹튀클래스 说:
2023年10月23日 18:41

The next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, but I actually thought youd have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you could fix if you werent too busy looking for attention. Hi, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, fantastic blog!

에볼루션바카라 说:
2023年10月23日 18:52

It’s fantastic. This is one of the top websites with a lot of useful information. This is an excellent piece, and I appreciate this website; keep up the fantastic work. Quite informative blog on how to bring an end to the issues. I like your creat I stumbled across your blog and wanted to say that I really enjoyed reading your articles. Anyway, I will subscribe to your feed and hope you post again soon

완다카지노 먹튀 说:
2023年10月23日 18:58

Superb website you have here but I was wanting to know if you knew of any discussion boards that cover the same topics talked about in this article? I’d really like to be a part of online community where I can get feedback from other experienced people that share the same interest. If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Appreciate it! I have been checking out many of your stories and i can state nice stuff. I will surely bookmark your website. certainly like your website but you need to check the spelling on several of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling issues and I find it very troublesome to tell the truth nevertheless I’ll certainly come back again.

솔레어카지노게임 说:
2023年10月23日 19:10

"Thank you so much for the post you do. I like your post and all you share with us is up to date and quite informative, i would like to bookmark the page so i can come here again to read you, as you have done a wonderful job. I am very happy to read your blog, you write really well, I pray to God that you keep writing such good blogs and share with us. If some one wants expert view on the topic of blogging
and site-building then i recommend him/her to go to see this web site,
Keep up the good work."

샌즈카지노 주소 说:
2023年10月23日 19:14

Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and all. However just imagine if you added some great visuals or videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with pics and clips, this blog could certainly be one of the most beneficial in its niche. Superb blog! Hey! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform. I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

먹튀검증 说:
2023年10月23日 19:23

Good day I am really grateful I discovered your blog page, I basically found you by mistake, while I was researching on Aol for commercial real estate development companies. Anyhow I am here now and would just love to say many thanks for a marvelous posting and the all-round entertaining blog (I likewise adore the theme/design), I do not have sufficient time to look over it completely at the minute though I have saved it and even included the RSS feed, so whenever I have time I will be back to go through a great deal more. Please do keep up the amazing work.

토토사이트추천 说:
2023年10月23日 19:34

The post is really superb. It’s varied accessory information that consists during a basic and necessary method. Thanks for sharing this text. The substance is genuinely composed. This web do my paper for me log is frequently sharing useful actualities. Keep sharing a lot of posts. I really loved reading your blog. It was very well authored and easy to understand. Unlike other blogs I have read which are really not that good. Thanks a lot! wow, great, I was wondering how to cure acne naturally. and found your site by google, learned a lot, now i’m a bit clear. I’ve bookmark your site and also add rss. keep us updated.

먹튀사이트목록 说:
2023年10月23日 19:37

I’m really enjoying the design and layout of your site. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a designer to create your theme? Outstanding work! Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Thank you for your provided information. An interesting discussion is value comment. I feel that it’s best to write extra on this subject, it won’t be a taboo subject but usually people are not enough to talk on such topics. To the next. Cheers

해외사이트가입 说:
2023年10月23日 19:43

First off I would like to say great blog! I had a quick question that I’d like to ask if you don’t mind. I was interested to find out how you center yourself and clear your mind before writing. I have had a hard time clearing my mind in getting my thoughts out. I do take pleasure in writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes tend to be lost just trying to figure out how to begin. Any recommendations or hints? Thank you! Hi! Would you mind if I share your blog with my twitter group? There’s a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your content. Please let me know. Many thanks

토토사이트가입 说:
2023年10月23日 19:55

Hi there! This is my first reply here so I simply wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading through your blog posts. Can you recommend other websites that deal with Ethereum to BTC? I am also very curious about that thing! Thanks! there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to look it over. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Outstanding blog and great design and style. Very interesting details you have remarked, regards for putting up.

บาคาร่า 说:
2023年10月23日 19:58

The next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, but I actually thought youd have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something that you could fix if you werent too busy looking for attention. Hi, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, fantastic blog!

먹튀검증업체 说:
2023年10月23日 20:13

This article is an appealing wealth of useful informative that is interesting and well-written. I commend your hard work on this and thank you for this information. I know it very well that if anyone visits your blog, then he/she will surely revisit it again. I loved this assignment article and kept updating interesting articles. I will be a regular reader. I am offering help to students over the globe at a low price. I delight in, cause I found just what I was looking for. You have ended my four day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day.

메이저토토 说:
2023年10月23日 20:35

Excellent information on your blog, thank you for taking the time to share with us. Amazing insight you have on this, it's nice to find a website that details so much information about different artists . Thanks for sharing this information. I really like your blog post very much. You have really shared a informative and interesting blog post with people.Your articles are inventive. I am looking forward to reading the plethora of articles that you have linked here. Thumbs up!

먹튀검증커뮤니티 说:
2023年10月23日 20:59

After reading your article I was amazed. I know that you explain it very well. And I hope that other readers will also experience how I feel after reading your article. Very useful information shared in this article, nicely written! I will be reading your articles and using the informative tips. Looking forward to read such knowledgeable articles . Just saying thanks will not just be sufficient, for the fantasti c lucidity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates.

온라인카지노 说:
2023年10月23日 21:26

It’s fantastic. This is one of the top websites with a lot of useful information. This is an excellent piece, and I appreciate this website; keep up the fantastic work. Quite informative blog on how to bring an end to the issues. I like your creative blog and look forward to more insightful posts. I definitely enjoying every little bit of it. It is

먹튀검증업체 说:
2023年10月23日 21:47

This article is an appealing wealth of useful informative that is interesting and well-written. I commend your hard work on this and thank you for this information. I know it very well that if anyone visits your blog, then he/she will surely revisit it again. I loved this assignment article and kept updating interesting articles. I will be a regular reader. I am offering help to students over the globe at a low price. I delight in, cause I found just what I was looking for. You have ended my four day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day.

메이저놀이터순위 说:
2023年10月23日 21:55

Hi, і read your blog occasіonally and i own a similar oone and i was just curious if you get a lot off spam remarks? If so һow do you protect agɑinst it, any plugin or anything you can suggest? I gеt so much latrly it’s dгiving me insane so any suρport is very much appreciated. Simply desire to say your article is as amazing. The clarity on your post is just excellent and that i can think you’re knowledgeable in this subject. Fine together with your permission allow me to grasp your RSS feed to keep updated with impending post. Thanks one million and please continue the rewarding work.

사설토토추천 说:
2023年10月23日 22:14

Its such as you learn my thoughts! You seem to grasp a lot about this, such as you wrote the book in it or something. I believe that you can do with a few percent to power the message house a bit, but other than that, that is excellent blog. A great read. I will certainly be back. Howdy! Would you mind if I share your blog with my facebook group? There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content. Please let me know. Thanks Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I am impressed! Very helpful info specifically the last part

안전놀이터코드 说:
2023年10月23日 22:23

Hi there! This is my first reply here so I simply wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I genuinely enjoy reading through your blog posts. Can you recommend other websites that deal with Ethereum to BTC? I am also very curious about that thing! Thanks! there! Someone in

뉴토끼 说:
2023年11月06日 21:49

I am constantly surprised by the amount of information accessible on this subject. What you presented was well researched and well written to get your stand on this over to all your readers. Thanks a lot my dear

툰코 说:
2023年11月06日 22:08

Our team is motivated and dedicated to providing you a seamless experience when it comes.

먹튀검증 说:
2023年11月07日 20:29

sites can you please recheck the idea. thanks once more

머니맨 说:
2023年11月07日 20:30

sites can you please recheck the idea. thanks once more

뉴토끼 说:
2023年11月08日 17:15

우리에게 제공 한이 멋진 게시물에 정말 감사드립니다. 나는 이것이 대부분의 사람들에게 유익 할 것이라고 확신합니다.

메이저놀이터 说:
2023年11月09日 15:14

"나는 그러한 주제에 관심이 있으므로 멋진 설명 페이지를 언급하겠습니다.

카지노사이트 说:
2023年11月09日 18:04

This post is greatly simple to scrutinize and recognize without overlooking any unobtrusive components. Remarkable work!

안전놀이터 说:
2023年11月09日 19:37

이러한 유형의 주제를 검색하는 거의 모든 사람들에게 도움이되기를 바랍니다. 저는이 웹 사이트가 그러한 주제에 가장 적합하다고 생각합니다. 좋은 작품과 기사의 품질.

토토사이트 说:
2023年11月09日 20:31

Thanks for a very interesting blog. What else may I get that kind of info written in such a perfect approach? I’ve a undertaking that I am simply now operating on, and I have been at the look out for such info.

뉴토끼 说:
2023年11月12日 16:58

당신의 기사는 정말 사랑스러워 보입니다. 여기 당신이 좋아할만한 사이트 링크가 있습니다.

툰코2 说:
2023年11月13日 16:38

"귀하의 게시물을 읽어 주셔서 정말 기쁩니다. 제가 찾고있는 정보가 가득하며" "귀하의 게시물 내용이 굉장합니다" "라는 코멘트를 게시하는 것을 좋아합니다. 훌륭합니다.

툰코 说:
2023年11月14日 14:30

Thank you for taking the time to publish this information very useful! <a href="https://툰코주소.net/">툰코</a>

부천휴게텔 说:
2023年11月14日 19:06

당신의 기사는 정말 사랑스러워 보입니다. 여기 당신이 좋아할만한 사이트 링크가 있습니다.

카지노놀이터 说:
2023年11月15日 16:27

방문자에게 제공하는 최고 품질의 정보를 정말로 즐겼다 ​​고 말하기 전에 웹 사이트를 떠날 수 없었습니까? 새로운 게시물을 확인하기 위해 자주 다시 올 것입니다.

메이저사이트 说:
2023年11月16日 21:43

this is really good website, coolest I have ever visit thank you so much, i will follow and stay tuned much appriciated

소액결제현금화 说:
2023年12月14日 17:42

여기 처음 왔어요. 나는이 게시판을 발견했고 그것이 정말 도움이되었고 많은 도움이되었다는 것을 발견했습니다. 나는 무언가를 돌려주고 당신이 나를 도왔던 다른 사람들을 돕고 싶습니다.

1인샵 说:
2023年12月28日 18:51

Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

shopify erstellen la 说:
2024年1月04日 22:44

This is often at the same time a good present that many of us seriously enjoyed browsing. It's not at all on a daily basis which i provide the likeliness to check something.

무료스포츠중계 说:
2024年1月07日 15:51

Really I enjoy your site with effective and useful information. It is included very nice post with a lot of our resources.thanks for share. see this site

카지노놀이터 说:
2024年1月07日 16:22

You completed a few fine points there. I did a search on the subject and found nearly all persons will go along with with your blog.

1인샵 说:
2024年1月07日 16:45

Decent data, profitable and phenomenal outline, as offer well done with smart thoughts and ideas, bunches of extraordinary data and motivation, both of which I require, on account of offer such an accommodating data here

토토사이트 说:
2024年1月07日 17:31

This article was written by a real thinking writer.I agree many of the with the solid points made by the writer.

안전놀이터 说:
2024年1月07日 17:51

이것은 또한 내가 정말로 읽는 것을 좋아하는 아주 좋은 게시물입니다. 이런 것을 볼 가능성이있는 것은 매일이 아닙니다.

메이저놀이터 说:
2024年1月07日 18:01

이것은 또한 내가 정말로 읽는 것을 좋아하는 아주 좋은 게시물입니다. 이런 것을 볼 가능성이있는 것은 매일이 아닙니다.

먹튀검증 说:
2024年1月07日 18:10

이것은 또한 내가 정말로 읽는 것을 좋아하는 아주 좋은 게시물입니다. 이런 것을 볼 가능성이있는 것은 매일이 아닙니다.

안전놀이터 说:
2024年1月07日 18:20

이것은 또한 내가 정말로 읽는 것을 좋아하는 아주 좋은 게시물입니다. 이런 것을 볼 가능성이있는 것은 매일이 아닙니다.

카지노사이트 说:
2024年1月07日 18:28

나는 당신의 블로그를 정말 좋아합니다. 훌륭한 기사. 가장 분명한 것은 사람들이 할 수 있기 전에 배워야합니다.

buy web traffic 说:
2024年1月07日 18:49

This is my first time visit to your blog and I am very interested in the articles that you serve. Provide enough knowledge for me. Thank you for sharing useful and don't forget, keep sharing useful info:

골드시티도메인 说:
2024年1月07日 19:00

나는 주제에 대해 괜찮은 것들을 찾고 있었는데 지금까지 운이 없었습니다. 방금 새로운 열성 팬이 생겼습니다!.

풀스윙사이트 说:
2024年1月07日 19:10

정말 좋은 기사라고 생각합니다. 이 정보를 흥미롭고 매력적으로 만듭니다. 당신은 독자들에게 생각할 수있는 많은 것을 주었고 저는 그런 종류의 글에 감사합니다

벳박스토토 说:
2024年1月07日 19:20

나는 주제에 대해 괜찮은 것들을 찾고 있었는데 지금까지 운이 없었습니다. 방금 새로운 열성 팬이 생겼습니다!.

마카오카지노 주소 说:
2024年1月07日 19:30

정말 좋은 기사라고 생각합니다. 이 정보를 흥미롭고 매력적으로 만듭니다. 당신은 독자들에게 생각할 수있는 많은 것을 주었고 저는 그런 종류의 글에 감사합니다

페스타도메인 说:
2024年1月07日 19:36

나는 주제에 대해 괜찮은 것들을 찾고 있었는데 지금까지 운이 없었습니다. 방금 새로운 열성 팬이 생겼습니다!.

팔로우벳 도메인 说:
2024年1月07日 19:43

정말 좋은 기사라고 생각합니다. 이 정보를 흥미롭고 매력적으로 만듭니다. 당신은 독자들에게 생각할 수있는 많은 것을 주었고 저는 그런 종류의 글에 감사합니다

주인공벳 사이트 说:
2024年1月07日 19:50

말씀하신 내용에 매우 만족합니다. 이 훌륭한 기사에 대해 감사드립니다.

즐찾토토 说:
2024年1月07日 20:04

정말 좋은 기사라고 생각합니다. 이 정보를 흥미롭고 매력적으로 만듭니다. 당신은 독자들에게 생각할 수있는 많은 것을 주었고 저는 그런 종류의 글에 감사합니다

검증카지노 说:
2024年1月07日 20:13

나는 주제에 대해 괜찮은 것들을 찾고 있었는데 지금까지 운이 없었습니다. 방금 새로운 열성 팬이 생겼습니다!.

레모나벳 说:
2024年1月07日 20:27

나는 당신의 웹 로그 레이아웃과 함께 당신의 글쓰기 능력에 정말 깊은 인상을 받았습니다. 이것은 유료 주제입니까, 아니면 스스로 수정 했습니까? 어쨌든 좋은 고품질 글쓰기를 유지하십시오. 요즘 이런 멋진 웹 로그를 보는 것은 드뭅니다.

토토 가입코드 说:
2024年1月07日 20:34

정말 좋은 기사라고 생각합니다. 이 정보를 흥미롭고 매력적으로 만듭니다. 당신은 독자들에게 생각할 수있는 많은 것을 주었고 저는 그런 종류의 글에 감사합니다

골드몽 릴짱 사이다쿨 说:
2024年1月07日 20:46

나는 당신의 웹 로그 레이아웃과 함께 당신의 글쓰기 능력에 정말 깊은 인상을 받았습니다. 이것은 유료 주제입니까, 아니면 스스로 수정 했습니까? 어쨌든 좋은 고품질 글쓰기를 유지하십시오. 요즘 이런 멋진 웹 로그를 보는 것은 드뭅니다.

해외축구중계 说:
2024年1月07日 21:04

정말 좋은 기사라고 생각합니다. 이 정보를 흥미롭고 매력적으로 만듭니다. 당신은 독자들에게 생각할 수있는 많은 것을 주었고 저는 그런 종류의 글에 감사합니다

꽁머니 说:
2024年1月07日 21:17

나는 주제에 대해 괜찮은 것들을 찾고 있었는데 지금까지 운이 없었습니다. 방금 새로운 열성 팬이 생겼습니다!.

인천달리기 说:
2024年1月07日 21:31

나는 주제에 대해 괜찮은 것들을 찾고 있었는데 지금까지 운이 없었습니다. 방금 새로운 열성 팬이 생겼습니다!.

인천오피 说:
2024年1月07日 21:40

말씀하신 내용에 매우 만족합니다. 이 훌륭한 기사에 대해 감사드립니다.

인천오피 说:
2024年1月07日 21:51

나는 주제에 대해 괜찮은 것들을 찾고 있었는데 지금까지 운이 없었습니다. 방금 새로운 열성 팬이 생겼습니다!.

스포츠무료중계 说:
2024年1月08日 16:30

이 목표에 도달했을 때의 사실을 생각해보십시오.

온라인카지노 说:
2024年1月08日 16:31

나는 주제에 대해 괜찮은 것들을 찾고 있었는데 지금까지 운이 없었습니다. 방금 새로운 열성 팬이 생겼습니다!.

토토사이트 说:
2024年1月08日 16:38

나는 주제에 대해 괜찮은 것들을 찾고 있었는데 지금까지 운이 없었습니다. 방금 새로운 열성 팬이 생겼습니다!.

보증토토 说:
2024年1月08日 16:47

말씀하신 내용에 매우 만족합니다. 이 훌륭한 기사에 대해 감사드립니다.

윈벳 주소 说:
2024年1月08日 16:55

뛰어난 시연 데이터. 그것에 대해 감사합니다. 분명히 그것은 내 미래의 노력에 믿을 수 없을 정도로 도움이 될 것입니다. 거의 동일한 주제에 대한 몇 가지 다른 게시물을 봐야합니다!

야옹이 주소 说:
2024年1月08日 17:05

뛰어난 시연 데이터. 그것에 대해 감사합니다. 분명히 그것은 내 미래의 노력에 믿을 수 없을 정도로 도움이 될 것입니다. 거의 동일한 주제에 대한 몇 가지 다른 게시물을 봐야합니다!

포켓몬 주소 说:
2024年1月08日 17:27

뛰어난 시연 데이터. 그것에 대해 감사합니다. 분명히 그것은 내 미래의 노력에 믿을 수 없을 정도로 도움이 될 것입니다. 거의 동일한 주제에 대한 몇 가지 다른 게시물을 봐야합니다!

본전토토 说:
2024年1月08日 17:42

뛰어난 시연 데이터. 그것에 대해 감사합니다. 분명히 그것은 내 미래의 노력에 믿을 수 없을 정도로 도움이 될 것입니다. 거의 동일한 주제에 대한 몇 가지 다른 게시물을 봐야합니다!

레모나주소 说:
2024年1月08日 17:53

이 멋진 기사를 공유 해주셔서 감사합니다. 저는이 기사를 사용하여 대학에서의 과제를 보여줍니다.

억벳 토토사이트 说:
2024年1月08日 18:00

안녕하세요. 정기적으로 업데이트되는이 웹 로그의 게시물을 읽고 싶습니다.

머스트잇벳 说:
2024年1月08日 18:07

뛰어난 시연 데이터. 그것에 대해 감사합니다. 분명히 그것은 내 미래의 노력에 믿을 수 없을 정도로 도움이 될 것입니다. 거의 동일한 주제에 대한 몇 가지 다른 게시물을 봐야합니다!

당근벳주소 说:
2024年1月08日 18:14

안녕하세요. 정기적으로 업데이트되는이 웹 로그의 게시물을 읽고 싶습니다.

888주소 说:
2024年1月08日 18:22

뛰어난 시연 데이터. 그것에 대해 감사합니다. 분명히 그것은 내 미래의 노력에 믿을 수 없을 정도로 도움이 될 것입니다. 거의 동일한 주제에 대한 몇 가지 다른 게시물을 봐야합니다!

캡틴 说:
2024年1月08日 18:36

뛰어난 시연 데이터. 그것에 대해 감사합니다. 분명히 그것은 내 미래의 노력에 믿을 수 없을 정도로 도움이 될 것입니다. 거의 동일한 주제에 대한 몇 가지 다른 게시물을 봐야합니다!

휴게소주소 说:
2024年1月08日 18:44

뛰어난 시연 데이터. 그것에 대해 감사합니다. 분명히 그것은 내 미래의 노력에 믿을 수 없을 정도로 도움이 될 것입니다. 거의 동일한 주제에 대한 몇 가지 다른 게시물을 봐야합니다!

강남벳도메인 说:
2024年1月08日 18:51

블로그를 다시 방문하게되어 반갑습니다. 몇 달이 지났습니다. 제가 오랫동안 기다려온 기사입니다. 나는 대학에서 나의 과제를 완료하기 위해이 기사가 필요하며 당신의 기사와 같은 주제를 가지고 있습니다. 감사합니다.

어퍼컷 说:
2024年1月08日 19:03

안녕하세요. 정기적으로 업데이트되는이 웹 로그의 게시물을 읽고 싶습니다.

카지노뱅크 说:
2024年1月16日 17:10

이 때문에 제공하기 전에 적용 가능한 조사를 할 수 있다는 것이 진정으로 우수합니다. 그렇게하면 더 큰 문서를 공유 할 수 있습니다.

온라인카지노 说:
2024年1月16日 21:05

꽤 좋은 게시물입니다. 나는 방금 귀하의 블로그를 우연히 발견하고 귀하의 블로그 게시물을 읽는 것이 정말 즐거웠다고 말하고 싶었습니다. 어떤 식 으로든 피드를 구독하고 곧 다시 게시 해 주시기 바랍니다. 유용한 정보에 감사드립니다.

토토검증사이트 说:
2024年1月28日 22:35

You there, this is really good post here. Thanks for taking the time to post such valuable information. Quality content is what always gets the visitors coming.

꽁머니 说:
2024年1月31日 18:26

I got too much interesting stuff on your blog. I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work.

카지노사이트 说:
2024年2月01日 15:28

Nice post. I learn some thing tougher on different blogs everyday. Most commonly it is stimulating to read content off their writers and practice something at their store. I’d opt to use some with all the content in my weblog whether or not you do not mind. Natually I’ll provide a link with your internet weblog. Thank you for sharing

메이저사이트 说:
2024年2月01日 19:17

This is such a great resource that you are providing and you give it away for free. I love seeing blog that understand the value of providing a quality resource for free

온라인카지노 说:
2024年2月01日 20:35

나는 더 비슷한 주제에 관심이있을 것입니다. 정말 유용한 주제를 받았군요. 항상 블로그를 확인하겠습니다. 감사합니다.

유럽축구중계 说:
2024年2月01日 23:05

Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. 

토토사이트 说:
2024年2月02日 11:04

안전놀이터 ❣️, 메이저사이트 ❣️, 먹튀검증 ❣️ 및 추천 토토친구는 여러분들의 안전한 베팅문화 정착을 위해 먹튀사이트 정보 공유 및 안전하게 이용하실 수 있는 안전놀이터를 추천하여 드리고 있습니다.

토토사이트 说:
2024年2月02日 11:22

안전놀이터 ❣️, 메이저사이트 ❣️, 먹튀검증 ❣️ 및 추천 토토친구는 여러분들의 안전한 베팅문화 정착을 위해 먹튀사이트 정보 공유 및 안전하게 이용하실 수 있는 안전놀이터를 추천하여 드리고 있습니다.

슬롯 사이트 说:
2024年2月03日 20:46

It is quite beneficial, although we think about the facts when it reaches this target

온라인카지노 说:
2024年2月04日 16:53

Pleasant article.Think so new type of elements have incorporated into your article. Sitting tight for your next article

카지노사이트 说:
2024年2月04日 20:37

I got too much interesting stuff on your blog. I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work

먹튀검증 说:
2024年2月04日 21:24

I got too much interesting stuff on your blog. I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work

투게더토토 说:
2024年2月04日 22:03

I got too much interesting stuff on your blog. I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work

볼트카지노 说:
2024年2月04日 22:49

I got too much interesting stuff on your blog. I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work

달팽이토토 说:
2024年2月05日 13:12

Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have

쇼미더벳 说:
2024年2月05日 13:34

I got too much interesting stuff on your blog. I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work

카림벳 说:
2024年2月05日 13:54

I got too much interesting stuff on your blog. I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work

우리카지노 说:
2024年2月05日 14:24

I got too much interesting stuff on your blog. I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work

강남벳 说:
2024年2月05日 15:03

You know your projects stand out of the herd. There is something special about them. It seems to me all of them are really brilliant

에볼루션카지노 说:
2024年2月05日 15:30

Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have

에이전트토토 说:
2024年2月05日 15:55

I got too much interesting stuff on your blog. I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work

카지노사이트추천 说:
2024年2月05日 16:14

Thank you again for all the knowledge you distribute,Good post. I was very interested in the article, it's quite inspiring I should admit. I like visiting you site since I always come across interesting articles like this one.Great Job, I greatly appreciate that.Do Keep sharing! Regards

토토사이트 说:
2024年2月05日 22:06

Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have

포커 뷰어 프로그램 说:
2024年2月06日 16:58

I got too much interesting stuff on your blog. I guess I am not the only one having all the enjoyment here! Keep up the good work

Slotgacor 说:
2024年2月07日 14:26

splendid article. Thanks an excessive amount of for the breakdown you have got provided here. I am nevertheless kind-of an illiterate in this topic. So this submit became actually beneficial to me for my part. My husband simply released his own ebook in this difficulty and i suppose some things found out from your submit would permit me in my view to present him the important assist. Thanks! attempting to say thanks won't truely be good enough, for the fantasti c readability on your written paintings. I will right away snatch your rss channel to stay knowledgeable of any updates. Thanks for the good information and very useful. It truly is very thrilling. I love all of the belongings you proportion and thanks for the coolest statistics and really useful. It truly is very thrilling.

소액결제현금화 说:
2024年2月10日 13:55

Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have

블록체인개발 说:
2024年4月22日 15:01

블록체인개발 코인지갑개발 IT컨설팅 메스브레인팀이 항상 당신을 도울 준비가 되어 있습니다. 우리는 마음으로 가치를 창조한다는 철학을 바탕으로 일하며, 들인 노력과 시간에 부흥하는 가치만을 받습니다. 고객이 만족하지 않으면 기꺼이 환불해 드립니다.
https://xn--539awa204jj6kpxc0yl.kr/


登录 *


loading captcha image...
(输入验证码)
or Ctrl+Enter